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January 1, 2014 , " People's Republic of China Special Equipment Safety Law " into effect.
Compared to the previous implementation of the 10 years of " Special Equipment Safety Supervision Regulations " , the new law added a product defect recall system , retirement system and the responsibility of special equipment traceability system .
" Special Equipment Safety Law" after the implementation of production caused by the presence of defects compromise the identity of special equipment , the production units should be discontinued immediately and voluntarily recalled . Meanwhile retroactive liability regime established special equipment is to establish a " card ." Special equipment from the production , operation , use and disposal , the responsible units should establish an information file , after the problem occurred , the regulatory authorities may by virtue of retroactive liability .
Legislation without delay
It is understood that special equipment is divided into boilers, pressure vessels ( including cylinders ) , pressure pipes , elevators and other eight categories of equipment, and other equipment laws and regulations , the common feature is usually operated under high pressure , high temperature, high-altitude , high-speed conditions easily lead to an explosion , falling and other production and public accidents, serious harm to life and property safety.
Secretary Liu Zhaobin AQSIQ regulations introduced in 2005, the number of special equipment around the country has more than 300 million units last year , the total has reached more than 820 million units. In the elevator , for example, the 2013 elevator ownership has reached more than 250 million units , is the first in the world . The first is an urgent need for legislation is in response to a surge of special equipment brought the number of regulatory issues . Meanwhile , production safety situation is grim , security incidents have occurred , but also to national legislation without delay.
Overall , China's special equipment supervision is effective and safe. Boiler and pressure vessel explosion from July 1979 onwards per million units in 2002 down to 0.5 per million units since . During the " Eleventh Five-Year" , million units of special equipment, the number of deaths from 2006 to 0.94 people in 2012 down to 0.6 , but still 4-6 times higher than in developed countries .
Still the elevator, for example , people from the nearest elevator is also the most needed special equipment , we often need to take the elevator , especially in densely populated places.
Laws to lift the boiler industry
" Special Equipment Safety Act " before the introduction of special equipment supervision of regulatory authorities can not be employed households elevators, boilers and other special equipment , even if dealers sell special equipment may not meet the regulatory requirements of the product , but no legal basis for law enforcement officers .
" Special Equipment Safety Act" General clarified the production, operation , use, inspection, testing , supervision and management of special equipment , which operate on the basis of part of the "Regulations" on the new addition .
Special equipment sales, rental , import all be standardized , so that the formation of special equipment supervision more complete chain, and the legal system and product quality further convergence. If the law clearly stipulates sellers to establish the purchase and sales records inspection system may not be sold without permission, inspection or obsolete , which do not meet the statutory requirements of the special equipment.
After the " Special Equipment Safety Law" , boilers, elevators and other special equipment if the cause of its existence due to the production of compromised identity defects, manufacturers must stop production immediately and voluntarily recalled .
" Special Equipment Safety Act " requires companies to establish a comprehensive file management system , special equipment throughout the life cycle have appropriate safety information is recorded , the quality of products liability and the use of management responsibilities can be traced . Comply with the conditions of the special equipment recall , voluntarily recalled by the company ; If companies do not take the initiative to recall , government departments have the right to force a recall . The official said , the implementation of special equipment recall system , will further strengthen the sense of responsibility of the production units , special equipment will help improve the quality of products .